The Ahmadi Religion of Peace & Light

Similarities Between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam

Founding Father

The largest and most dominating religion in the world is none other than Christianity. Islam, Judaism, and Christianity are considered to be Abrahamic faiths, tracing their teachings and practices back to none other than Prophet Abraham pbuh. When you look and compare these three religions, you will find many similarities. 

 
Prophets and Messengers

Muslims, Christians, and  Jews believe in every Prophet and Messenger from the Book of Genesis starting with Prophet Adam pbuh all the way to down to The Book of Malachi finishing with Prophet Malachi pbuh … however, the line of prophethood does not end with Prophet Malachi pbuh, as the adherents of Judaism believe. Other prophets came after Prophet Malachi pbuh, and one of those Prophets is the founder of Christianity, Jesus Christ pbuh.

One of the most remarkable similarities that both Muslims and Christians share in contrast to to the Jewish people is that Jesus was not just a mere human being… Rather, he was a great Prophet and Messenger of God who was sent with a great mission.

 

Jesus Christ pbuh and his Family   

Prophets that both Christians and Muslims believe in are mentioned in the New Testament or what is known as “The Gospels” as well as some Christian traditions. For example, although not mentioned in the New Testament himself, Jesus had a grandfather named Joachim pbuh. Joachim pbuh is revered as a Saint along with his wife Anne pbuh. Joachim pbuh in Islam is often named “Imran”, and according to Islamic traditions is revered as a Prophet of God. In fact, He is respected in Islam in such a great manner that there is a whole chapter in the Quran named after him… “The family of Imran.”

Joachim and Anne pbut, according to Christian traditions, miraculously conceived a Child despite their old age, the child was none other than the Holy Lady Mary pbuh. Mary pbuh, just like in Christianity, is held with honor and reverence in Islam.

 The Quran states:

And [mention] when the angels said, “O Mary, indeed Allah has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the worlds.”

Quran 3:42

Messiah

In Islam, the Messiah is an important figure just as he is an important figure in Christianity and Judaism. In fact, the Quran itself states that Jesus pbuh is the awaited Messiah:

[And mention] when the angels said, “O Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary – distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah ]. He will speak to the people in the cradle and in maturity and will be of the righteous.” She said, “My Lord, how will I have a child when no man has touched me?” [The angel] said, “Such is Allah ; He creates what He wills. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is.

Quran 3:45-47

Relatives of Lady Mary pbuh


Elizabeth pbuh, in both Islam and Christianity, is revered as a Saint, alongwith her husband Zechariah pbuh who was also a Prophet of God.

Both of them were righteous in the sight of God, observing all the Lord’s commands and decrees blamelessly. But they were childless because Elizabeth pbuh was not able to conceive, and they were both very old.

Luke 1:6-7

So the angels called him while he was standing in prayer in the chamber, “Indeed, Allah gives you good tidings of John, confirming a word from Allah and [who will be] honorable, abstaining [from women], and a prophet from among the righteous.”

Quran 3:39

John the Baptist pbuh was the son of Elizabeth and Zechariah pbut…. John the Baptist pbuh in Christianity and Islam is a great Prophet who declared to the People that Jesus pbuh was the Messiah whom the Jewish people were waiting for.

 

Recognized Messiah

The first person to point out and recognize Jesus pbuh to be the Messiah was a Saint, Prophet Simeon pbuh.

 It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord’s Messiah.

Luke:26

Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying:

“Sovereign Lord, as you have promised, you may now dismiss your servant in peace. 

For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared in the sight of all nations: a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.”

Luke 2:28-32

Miracles of Jesus pbuh

Jesus pbuh performed many miracles which are recorded in the Gospels and accepted by Muslims. He turned water into wine, he walked on water and he raised the dead.

Most of the time people are entirely focused on the differences between Jesus when it comes to Islamic and Christian traditions… but isn’t it evident that regardless of a few small details one can find that the similarities greatly outnumber these small details? There is no doubt at all that Jesus pbuh, according to Islam, is the very same Jesus pbuh whom the Christians have believed in for the last two thousand years to be the Messiah sent by God for a great task.

[Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet.

Quran 19:30

Monotheism

Although one of the differences between Christianity and Islam is that which concerns the divinity of Jesus pbuh, one still cannot ignore the fact that both Islam and Christianity are fundamentally monotheistic, and they agree that there is only one Almighty God without question.

One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him, “Of all the commandments, which is the most important?” “The most important one,” answered Jesus, “is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one’.

Mark 12:28-29 

And Jesus makes a clear distinction between himself and the one true God:

Jesus states:  Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

John 17:3

The Jewish people also deny the absolute divinity of Jesus pbuh as the Old Testament declares that:

God is not human, that he should lie, not a human being, that he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not fulfill?

Numbers 23:19

Jesus the Messenger of God

According to both Christianity and Islam, Jesus pbuh is a great Prophet and promised Messiah.

Isn’t it quite obvious that both of these religions have a similar belief in the Prophethood and Messenger-ship of Jesus Christ pbuh?

After the people saw the sign Jesus performed, they began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.”

John 6:14

Jesus even referred to himself as a Prophet after speaking to the people in parables:

After the people saw the sign Jesus performed, they began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.”

John 6:14

And they took offense from him. But Jesus said to them, 

“A prophet is not without honor except in his own town and in his own home.”

Matthew 13:57

The prophethood of Jesus in the Bible and the Quran is self-evident, and completely compatible with each other.

Escape from the Cross

Another difference is the matter of the Crucifixion. According to Christianity Jesus pbuh was Crucified, died and raised from the dead after 3 days….. and according to Islam, Jesus never hung on the Cross…. Most people might argue that although Muslims agree upon the Story of Jesus pbuh and his prophethood, how does it make sense that he was not crucified although there were plenty of eyewitness testimonies and accounts regarding his arrest and crucifixion within the Gospels that the Muslims claim are sacred scriptures in Islam as well? As a matter of fact, Muslims do not dismiss the events of the crucifixion, but rather, they dismiss that Jesus pbuh was the one on the cross.

Jesus himself says:

The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life—only to take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.”

John 10:17-18

Meaning that if Jesus wanted, he didn’t have to get arrested, or crucified, or killed, if he didn’t want to.

The belief that Jesus pbuh was not crucified isn’t exclusively an Islamic belief, there have been early Christians that rejected the Crucifixion of Jesus pbuh as Muslims do.

Some Gnostic Christians before Islam believed that the Crucifixion of Jesus pbuh was nothing but a mere illusion.

According to The Second Treatise of the Great Seth, Jesus pbuh says:

“I did not succumb to them as they had planned. But I was not afflicted at all. Those who were there punished me. And I did not die in reality but in appearance.”

In The Apocalypse of Peter, Saint Peter pbuh, enquires to Jesus pbuh, concerning the Crucifixion: 

And I said “What do I see, O Lord? That it is you yourself whom they take, and that you are grasping me? Or who is this one, glad and laughing on the tree? And is it another one whose feet and hands they are striking?” The Savior said to me, “He whom you saw on the tree, glad and laughing, this is the living Jesus. But this one into whose hands and feet they drive the nails is his fleshly part, which is the substitute being put to shame, the one who came into being in his likeness. But look at him and me.”

And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah .” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain.

Holy Quran 4:157

So according to Islam, we can clearly see that the reason why the Gospels recorded that Jesus pbuh was Crucified was not due to desire to spread fake news or some great conspiracy theory, but rather the Disciples really believed that the one being crucified was indeed Jesus pbuh. Isn’t it clear that the Islamic account of Jesus Christ pbuh is not that far from the Biblical accounts?

Whether or not an individual would deny the crucifixion of Jesus Christ pbuh or not. It is clear that the Islamic belief concerning it traces back to Gnostic teachings in Christianity before Islam.

Therefore, Islam is, in a way, a form of Christian gnosis in this respect.

When we look at certain practices, it is no surprise that certain beliefs in Christianity matches that of Judaism and Islam. After all, Jesus pbuh, according to Judaism, was Jewish. So as the founder of Christianity, his teachings would have to be similar to that of Prophet Abraham pbuh. And in turn, his followers would have similar beliefs to that of Judaism and Islam. For example, let’s take a look at a common practice they both hold.

Circumcision

Circumcision is the practice of the removal of the foreskin of the male genitalia. It is a practice that started with Prophet Abraham pbuh.  

Then God said to Abraham, 

“As for you, you must keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you for the generations to come. This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you. For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner—those who are not your offspring. Whether born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting covenant. Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.”

Genesis 17:9-14

Prophet Jesus pbuh was not exempt from believing in and practicing circumcision. Although the practice of circumcision was a huge controversy amongst early Christians, one cannot deny that Jesus pbuh himself was circumcised.

On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise the child, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he was conceived.

Luke 2:21

 Although not all Christians around the world practice circumcision on behalf of religious belief. You find many in Western nations who circumcise based on hygiene and health reasons. 

The Holy City of Jerusalem

The city of Jerusalem is a Holy City within the modern country Israel. Israel is viewed by many as the homeland of the Jewish people, promised to them by God. A Land where great Prophets had roamed in the Old Testament like King David and King Solomon pbut… The Jews face this city every day in their prayers, and for the Muslims, it used to be a direction of prayer at one point in time. Christians also believe in the holiness of this land and perform pilgrimage here because it is associated with the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ pbuh according to the Christians.

Prayer beads

In the religion of Islam you will find Muslims with prayer beads, glorifying God and praising him…. Isn’t this the same as the Rosary Beads? Rosary Beads are used to keep count of the number of times a phrase is recited so that the person who is praying can pray and meditate peacefully without having to keep track mentally, thus drawing the attention away from the spiritual aspect itself.

Acts of Worship

When you think of a Christian praying, the first thing that comes into your mind is most likely a person folding their hands together and reciting praises to the Lord and pleading to the divine for grace, blessings, and protection… But did you know that there is more to Prayer in Christianity than this?

The Ethiopian Orthodox Christians have been praying this way, even before the migration of the early Muslims to Abyssinia. They perform the Standing, Bowing, Sitting and Prostrate closely to how Muslims perform their daily prayers.

Isn’t the evidence of Christianity being similar to Islam and Judaism not overwhelming?

Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another’s feet. I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you. Very truly I tell you, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. Now that you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them.

John 13:14-17

Just like In Islam, a Muslim before he prays must perform an ablution or Wudhu, in which specific body parts are washed and wiped as a spiritual purification. This is to enable a Muslim to engage in worship in a pure and clean state. Just as Christians perform feet washing as a form of purification, a Muslim at the end either washes or wipes his feet. And the Jews also wash their hands before performing their prayers…Isn’t the idea of ritual purification quite similar?

 Just as the Christians have Baptism, in Judaism Jews have what is called a Mikveh… it is very much similar to the Christian Baptism in which Jews purify themselves through ritually immersing themselves into the water to achieve ritual purity.

In Islam, a Muslim performs what is known as a Ghusl as a full-body ritual purification. This full-body purification is similar to Baptism in which the whole body is washed with water… and if desired, a Muslim can also submerge his whole body into water in order to perform the ritual. This ritual is performed normally when a child is born or when a person is in a state of sexual impurity or when a person dies or when a person wishes to go to Friday Prayer. How much more proof is needed to prove that we are the same?

Fasting

Another similarity is the idea of Fasting. Muslims, for example, fast by abstaining from food and drink on the month of Ramadan. And if desired, one may fast on some specific recommended days from dawn until sunset for spiritual benefits. Although this practice is seen only as Islamic, you will find some Christians fasting from food and drink as well.

In the new testament you can find that Jesus Christ pbuh used to fast:

After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry.

Matthew 4:2

Not only did Jesus fast, but he even preached fasting to his disciples and explained how they should fast:

“When you fast, do not look somber as the hypocrites do, for they disfigure their faces to show others they are fasting. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full. But when you fast, put oil on your head and wash your face, so that it will not be obvious to others that you are fasting, but only to your Father, who is unseen; and your Father, who sees what is done in secret will reward you.”

Matthew 6:16-18

Today, you find many Christians fasting in the Great Lent. The Great Lent is traditionally described as lasting for 40 days, in commemoration of the 40 days Jesus spent fasting in the desert. The foods abstained from are meat, fish, eggs and dairy products, wine, and oil.

In Judaism, fasting is mainly for the atonement of sin. A specific day most Jews fast is known as Yom Kippur or the Day of Atonement, in which they traditionally fast for 25 hours.

The Lord said to Moses,

“The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves, and present a food offering to the Lord. Do not do any work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you before the Lord your God.”

Leviticus 23:26-28

The beliefs and practices of all three of these religions prove to be similar in many aspects, and there is no doubt about that. But let us examine one very unique belief, which is the return of the Messiah.

The Return of the Messiah at the End Times

All three religions Judaism Islam and Christianity, share the belief in a Messiah and his coming in the end times. Unlike Jews who deny Jesus pbuh to be the Messiah, both Muslims, and Christians who do believe that Jesus pbuh is the Messiah also believe that he will return in the end of times. It is without question that Christians are awaiting the return of Jesus Christ pbuh.

According to the book of Revelation Jesus pbuh says the following:

Remember, therefore, what you have received and heard; hold it fast, and repent. But if you do not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what time I will come to you.

Revelation 3:3

“Look, I am coming soon! Blessed is the one who keeps the words of the prophecy written in this scroll.”

Revelation 22:7

And according to Islamic traditions. Jesus pbuh comes back in the end times… but his return is accompanied with another person:

Prophet of Allah pbuhahf said: “What would be your situation if the Son of Marry descends upon you and your Imam is among you?”

[Sahih al- Bukhari, Arabic, V4, H658]

Hudhayfah reported that the Prophet (S) said, “Al-Mahdi will turn his face to Jesus when he descends as if water were dropping from his hair, and will say to him, ‘Go ahead and say the prayer.’ Jesus will say, ‘The prayer has been set up only for you.’ So, Jesus will pray behind a man who is among my sons. Sirat al-Mustaqim, 2, 257

And when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, “I have come to you with wisdom and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ, so fear Allah and obey me.

Quran 43:63

And Jesus pbuh did not leave us alone without indicating someone who would come after him… after all, God does not misguide his sincere servants:

And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O Children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, “This is obvious magic.”

Quran 61:6

It is very clear that both religions came from the same founder, Abraham, they share the same prophets and messengers, Muslims and Christians in Particular believe in the Saints and Prophets of the time of Jesus pbuh, whom were related to him, such as his mother Lady Mary, Joachim and Anne, including Elizabeth, John the Baptist and Zakariah pbut. They also believe that Jesus pbuh was the Messiah and that he was recognized at birth through Prophet Simeon, whom knew of his coming through the Torah. They both also believe that the birth of Jesus pbuh was miraculous as his mother was a virgin. They also testify to miracles performed by Jesus, and the Muslims and early Christians believed that Jesus pbuh was a Messenger of God rather than God himself. One similarity that is shocking is the fact that both Muslims and the Gnostic early Christians before Islam had believed that Jesus pbuh was not crucified and that it was an illusion. Along with the adherents of Judaism, they share the belief in a One God.

With the Muslims and the Christians, all three practice Circumcision, they believe in the Holiness of the city of Jerusalem, they perform a ritual purification before prayer or upon birth and conversion. They pray the same way in which bowing, standing, prostration, and supplication is involved. Their women wear headscarves, they fast from sunrise to sunset, the Christians and Muslims use prayer beads, and they all believe in a Messiah who appears at the end times… and the Christians and Muslims believe in his return…. And he has returned already….

Glad tidings to those who are reading and to those who want to put an end to these divisions that have been placed between us…

Jesus Christ pbuh has returned just as what was foretold in the Bible, and he has come with the Savior of Mankind the Madhi, the one who Prophet Muhammad pbuhahf prophesied about whom would come with a name similar to his. And whom Jesus pbuh had sent forth as he had promised in the Quran….Imam Ahmed al-Hassan pbuh is that savior… he is the Mahdi who was prophesied to come… He is here to make clear to the people that which they differ over. He has come to put an end to the differences that have plagued humanity, he has come to bring humanity under one call, one truth, one banner under God… it’s time that we receive Jesus Christ pbuh again, and its time that we receive his messenger Imam Ahmed al-Hassan pbuh again…. Its time to break these illusionary walls that the non-working scholars have set up between our religions. It’s time that we become…. United.

Related Articles