The Ahmadi Religion of Peace & Light

The Law Of Knowing God's Vicegerent

What is the law of knowing God’s Vicegerent?

One of the core principles of the foundation of the Blessed Call is the Law of knowing the Hujjah.

We know that from the beginning of time, God has sent humanity His divine Messenger, to guide and lead the people. We call this man God’s Proof on earth, or ‘Hujjah’ in Arabic.

However, it is possible to be misled by a false shepherd, or to be doubtful of whether or not the Hujjah truly is a Hujjah from God. Is there a way to know for sure?

As with every ruling from God the Almighty, there surely is a Law to correctly analyse this. And far be it that God, in His justice and mercy, would not set a certain law and method for mankind to follow, in order that they may not be misguided. Otherwise the penalty of falling into misguidance would be wholly unjust.

So what exactly is this Law of Recognising the Hujjah?

We can glean this from the narrations and ahadith of the Ahlulbayt PBUT, the ones who have always guided us on how to know the truth. And in his mercy, Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh has outlined these criteria very clearly for all to see and understand.

Let us now go into what these criteria are, according to the ahadith of the Ahlulbayt of Muhammad SAWW.

From Jabir Al-Joufi from Abi Jafar Imam Al-Baqir pbuh he said: “Whatever had caused you confusion, you shouldn’t be confused by the covenant of the Prophet of Allah pbuhaf, his banner and his weapon, and Al-Nafs Al-Zakiyya from the son of Al-Hussein, and if this caused you confusion, then you should not be confused by the call from the sky with his name and matter. And beware from the deviant people from the family of Muhammad PBUT, for the family of Muhammad and Ali have a banner and others have banners, so stay in your place and don’t ever follow a man from them until you see a man from the son of Al-Hussein. He has the covenant of the Prophet of Allah, his banner and his weapon. The covenant of the Prophet of Allah went to Ali ibn Al-Hussein, then went to Mohammad ibn Ali, and Allah does what he pleases”.

Bihar Al-Anwar, Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi, 3rd ed., v.52, p.223-224, hadith 87 


Abi Abdullah (Imam Jafar al-Sadiq) (pbuh) said: “The companion of the matter will be known for three qualities; it will not be given to anyone except himself. He is the first before anybody (with these qualities), he is his successor and he has the weapon of the Holy Prophet (pbuhahf), and his will and that is something that I do not separate myself from.”

– Basaer Al-Darajat, Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan Al-Safaar, 1st ed., Al-Ahmadi publisher, p.202, hadith 28

So the three criteria that have been listed by the Ahlulbayt PBUT are:

The Will

An apparent WILL from the messenger who succeeds him

Divine Knowledge

The Hujjah will have a weapon. The weapon of the Mahdi in the End Times is known to be KNOWLEDGE.

Call to God Alone

The BANNER OF ALLAH always calls towards God. And this is the banner of the Mahdi during the End Times…the one that calls towards paying allegiance to God and God alone.

1. THE WILL

Every messenger of God is meant to appoint his successor. 

Do we have an example of this happening in history?

We have the example of the appointment of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (peace be upon him) where we see Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his family) clearly appointing Imam Ali (peace be upon him) in front of the people and saying to them:

“Whoever I am the master (mawla) of, this man, Ali, is his master. O God, befriend whoever befriends him, be hostile to whoever opposes him, support whoever supports him and desert whoever deserts him”.

Al-Irshad, Sheikh Al-Mufid, p.121 (English version translated by I. K. A. Howard)

Al-Irshad, Sheikh Al-Mufid, 2nd ed., v.1, p.176 (Arabic book)

We have another example of a person claiming an apparent will in prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his family) who claimed to be the promised Paracelete or comforter or “Ahmad” mentioned by Jesus (peace be upon him):

“Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter (Paraclete) will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you”.

(The Bible: John 16:7) 

And in the Quran, it is mentioned again:

(Remember) when ‘Isa, son of Maryam, said, “O children of Israel, I am a messenger of Allah sent towards you, confirming the Torah that is (sent down) before me, and giving you the good news of a messenger who will come after me, whose name will be Ahmad.”

(Holy Quran, As-Saf 6)

So we see that in God’s system, a messenger is meant to appoint their successor for the people to know, and make it obvious and public. For any individual using logic and reasoning, it is evident that this is a very just and expected system.

Did Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh claim the will?

The only one to claim the will of the Prophet pbuhahf is Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh. Before the appearance of Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh and his declaration of being God’s messenger to the people, nobody else ever claimed the will.

Since the time of Adam until now God had not deprived us of his guidance through his prophets and messengers in each time and a means to identify him. Imam Ahmed al-Hassan (from him is peace) had come with many proofs, and the greatest proof is the divinely protected will of the Messenger of God Muhammad pbuhahf.

The Prophet Muhammad pbuhahf, on the night of his death, said to Ali bin Abi Talib pbuh

“‘O Father of Al Hassan, bring me a leaf and a paper’, so the messenger of Allah (pbuhahf) dictated his will until he came to this position where he said: ‘O Ali, there will be twelve Imams after me and after them there will be twelve Mahdis. So you, O Ali, are the first of the twelve Imams, Allah The Exalted has named you in His heavens Ali Al Mortadha (Ali The Content), Amirul Mo’mineen (The Commander of the believers), Al-Siddiq Al-Akbar (The Greater truthful), Al-Farouq Al-A’tham (the Greater Judge and differentiator between truth and falsehood), Al-Ma’moun (the Trusted), and the Mahdi (the rightly guided). These names may not be attributed to other than you. O Ali, you are my Vicegerent/Guardian on my own family, their living and their dead, and upon my women: Whomever you maintain shall find me tomorrow, and whomever you reject I am innocent of her, I will not see her and she will not see me on the day of resurrection. And you are my Successor (Khalifa) on my nation after me. If death comes to you, hand it over to my son Al-Hassan the very beneficial. Then if death comes to him, let him hand it over to my son Al Hussein, the Martyr, the Pure and Assassinated. If death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, the master of worshipers, Dhul Thafant (the one with hard skin on his knees) Ali. If death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, Muhammad Al Baqir (The Revealer of Knowledge). If death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, Ja’far Al Sadiq (the honest). If death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, Musa Al Kadhim (The Patient). If death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, Ali Al Ridha. If death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, Muhammad Al Thiqa Al-Taqqi (The Trustworthy, The God-Fearing). If death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, Ali Al Nasih (The Advisor). If death of comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, Al Hassan Al Fadhil (the meritorious). If death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, Muhammad the Safeguardad of the Family of Muhammad Peace be upon them. Those are the twelve Imams. Then there will be twelve Mahdis after him, so if death comes to him, let him hand it over to his son, the first of the close ones, he has three names, one like mine and my Father’s and it is Abdullah (Servant of God), Ahmad, and the third name is Al Mahdi (the guided), and he is the first Believer”

Ghaybat Al-Toosi, 3rd ed., p. 150, hadith 111,

Bihar Al-Anwar, Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi, 3rd ed., v.36, p.260-261, hadith 81 and  v.53, p.147-148, hadith 6

What would happen, however, if someone false actually did claim the will, and say that they are the true Hujjah, when in fact they were not?

It is impossible that someone can falsely claim the divinely protected Will after the first claimant. It is a miracle in itself that nobody for the past 1,400 years has ever claimed to be the ‘Ahmed’ mentioned in the Will except for Imam Ahmed Al-Hassan (from him is peace).

And Imam Al-Sadiq (p) said: “This is a matter that can not be claimed except by its companion, otherwise Allah would destroy the age of the one who falsely claims it”.

-Al Kafi, Sheikh Al-Kulaini, 5th ed., v.1, p. 373, hadith 5

And Aba al-Sadiq pbuh said:
“The divine appointment has to be through the apparent will or the apparent appointment.”

-Sermon of Proofs, Abdullah Hashem Aba Al-Sadiq The Second Mahdi (pbuh), p.5

2. THE WEAPON IS KNOWLEDGE

The second criterion we see is that the Proof of Allah has to be an individual who can answer people’s questions, specifically in these great matters that are only revealed by a divine messenger, the matters that are referred to as the greatest of matters or Aza’im Al O’moor عظائم الأمور. 

Al-Mufadhal bin Umar had said: I heard Abu Abdullah as-Sadiq (peace be upon him) saying:“The companion of this matter has two absences. After one of them, he comes back to his family and regarding the other one it is said: “He has perished, which valley has he followed?”I said: “If that takes place, then what will we do?” He said: “If a claimant claims it (that he is al-Qa’im), you are to ask him about the great matters, which no one will answer except him (al-Qa’im)”.

Al Kafi, Sheikh Al-Kulaini, 5th ed., v.1, p.340, hadith 20

Bihar Al-Anwar, Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi, 3rd ed., v.52, p.157, hadith 18

Ithbat Al-Hudat, Al-Hurr Al-Amili, 1st ed., v.5, p.58, hadith 30

Mo’jam Ahadeeth Al-Imam Al-Mahdi, Ali Al-Korani, 1st ed., v.3, p.364, hadith 911

Al-Ghayba, Ibn Abi Zainab Al-No’mani, 1st ed., p.178, hadith 9

 

Do we have an example of this happening in history?

We see from the Quran:

“And He taught Adam the names, all of them; then he presented them to the angels, and said, “Tell Me the names of these, if you are sincere”. (Holy Quran, Al-Baqara Verse 31) He said, “O Adam, tell them their names.” And when he told them their names, He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of the heavens and the earth, and that I know what you reveal and what you conceal?”

(Holy Quran, Al-Baqara Verse 33) 

So the person claiming to be a divine messenger from God has to be somebody who knows things from the unseen, who knows and reveals incarnations and who comes forth with answers to questions that nobody was able to answer before. And he has to be able to show this knowledge.

Did Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh show that he comes with divine knowledge?

And Imam Ahmad Al-Hassan (from him is peace) has demonstrated that he has this knowledge. He demonstrated it through his interpretation of the Quran, through his answers to the people’s questions, and through revealing great matters that can only be revealed by a divinely appointed messenger from God. 

Here is a further proof for a unique knowledge Imam Ahmad Al-Hassan (from him is peace) came with. 

In the Quran it says: 

And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul. Say, “The soul is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a lile”.

(Holy Quran, Al Israa Verse 85)

And it is this specific knowledge that is mentioned in the hadith as a key proof to identify the Riser of the family of Muhammad, for Imam Al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) said:

“Verily, Allah chose between the souls in the Shadows, then made it enter the bodies. So when our Qaim emerges, he inherits the brother whom Allah chose in the shadows. And he does not inherit the brother from the physical birth. Know him from that, and whoever does, there remains no further proof”.

(Al-Haft Al-Shareef Door #66)

And nobody on this planet ever came forth and revealed the true soul lineages and soul family kinship except Imam Ahmad Al-Hassan (from him is peace). And just the fact that Imam Ahmad Al-Hassan (from him is peace) has brought forth the law of recognizing the proof of Allah is enough to show that he is knowledgeable. So now Imam Ahmad Al-Hassan (from him is peace) has already fulfilled two criteria of the law of recognizing the proof of Allah.

3. THE BANNER OF ALLAH

The messenger of Allah is meant to always call the people towards the supremacy of Allah

He is God’s proof to the people, so his goal is to bring them to pay allegiance to God alone.

And hence, the concept of the ‘Supremacy of Allah’ means that the person who is holding the affairs of the human beings has to be somebody from God and appointed by God.

Do we have an example of this happening in history?

Prophets and messengers through history have been sent by God the Almighty and have had the exact same call. They call the people to pay allegiance to God without associating partners with him because they are the ones who are chosen by God.

Before the creation of Adam God had already decided to make him his representative:

And (remember) as your Lord said to the Angels, “Surely I am making in the earth a vicegerent”.(Holy Quran, Al-Baqara Verse 30)

Prophet Noah pbuh is mentioned in the Quran doing this:

59  We had certainly sent Noah (Nuh) to his people, and he said, “O my people, worship Allah; you have no deity other than Him. Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a tremendous Day.

(Holy Quran, Al-A’raf Verse 59)

As was Prophet Hud pbuh, and every other messenger as well.

And mention [Hud] the brother of ‘Ad, when he warned his people at Ahqaf—and warners have passed away before and after him—saying, ‘Do not worship anyone but Allah. Indeed I fear for you the punishment of a tremendous day.’

(Holy Quran Al-Ahqaf Verse 21)

Does Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh have the same call towards Allah?

The banner of Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh has the prophesied message on it for all to see, the one mentioned in the ahadith of the End Times. It says on it, ‘Allegiance is to Allah’.

His banner is the one that the saviour of mankind is meant to be carrying.

Abu Abdullah Imam al-Sadiq (pbuh) said: “Verily we, Ahlul Bayt have a banner, whoever goes ahead of it have renegaded, and whoever is late to it have perished, and whoever follows it has followed [us], it is written on it: ‘Allegiance is to Allah!’

 250 Signs, Mohammad Ali Tabatabaei, 1st ed., p.19

 

These three criteria have been met by Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh. He was mentioned in the will of Prophet Muhammad pbuhahf, he came with the weapon of knowledge, and he holds the banner of the Mahdi that calls people towards God alone.

If a believer in God is sincere, and searches for His Hujjah on earth, asking Him to guide them, it is not possible that He misguides them. It is not from justice or from mercy that He SWT would see a sincere person ask Him to guide them and still allow them to fall into misguidance.

Aba Al-Sadiq pbuh, the second Mahdi, has said, 

God does not misguide His sincere servants.”

There is a great deal of wealth in these few words.

If we believe that God is good, that He is trustworthy, that He is merciful, the Shepherd who would never misguide, the father who heeds His children’s supplications, then how is it possible that an individual can ask Him to help them find the Hujjah and still He SWT allow that they be misguided? Far be it from Him that we associate such an injustice to Him.

And anyone with a reasoning mind will be able to see that Imam Ahmed Al Hassan pbuh has covered the three main criteria of the law of recognizing the Hujjah, that were taught to us by the Ahlulbayt of Muhammad pbut.

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