Who is Imam Mahdi (FHIP)?

A look at the life and mission of the 12th Imam


In the Name of Allah, the Abundantly Merciful, the Intensely Merciful.

All Praises Are Due to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. 

O Allah, send Your Peace and Blessings upon Muhammad and the Family of Muhammad, the Imams and the Mahdis.

Who is Imam Al Mahdi, Muhammad ibn Al Hassan Al Askari (pbuhahf)?


He is the twelfth Imam from the Imams of the Ahlulbayt (pbut) of the Messenger of Allah Muhammad (pbuhahf). He is Imam Muhammad Al Mahdi, son of Imam Al Hassan Al Askari, son of Imam Ali Al Hadi, son of Imam Muhammad Al Jawwad, son of Imam Ali Al Ridha, son of Imam Musa Al Kadhim, son of Imam Ja’far Al Sadiq, son of Imam Muhammad Al Baqir, son of Imam Ali Zainul Abedin, son of Imam Al Hussain, the martyr, son of the Grand Truthful and the Great Differentiator, Imam Ali Al Murtada (from them is peace and to them is submission). 

His mother is Malika, daughter of Yashoa, the granddaughter of Rome’s Caesar at that time. Imam Ali Al Hadi (pbuh) later named her Narjis.


Imam Muhammad ibn Al Hassan Al Askari (pbuhahf) was born on Friday 15th of Shaaban, in the Hijri year 255, in present day Samarra, in the Saladin Governorate, Iraq.



God allowed Imam Al Mahdi (pbuhahf) to be absent from the eyes of the people (who were not worthy of meeting him) after his father, Imam Al Hassan Al Askari (pbuh), was martyred in the Hijri year 260. He remained absent and his identity unrevealed to the public until his appearance in the year 2015.

He appeared on the day King Abdullah (may Allah curse him) died, the King of Hijaz (Saudi Arabia), on Friday 23/01/2015. This was already prophesied by the Imams (pbut) who have related to us that his appearance will be on a Friday. Prophet Muhammad (pbuhahf) also informed us that his appearance will take place on the day of the death of Abdullah, King of Hijaz (Saudi Arabia).

It is mentioned in the Supplication of Friday, which is the day of the Companion of Time (pbuhahf) and in his name, and it is the day on which he appears:


Peace be upon you, O Proof of Allah on His earth! Peace be upon you, O eye of Allah in His creation! Peace be upon you, O light of Allah whom the guided ones are guided by and the believers are relieved by. Peace be upon you, O well mannered and weary one! Peace be upon you, O advising “Wali” (ruler)! Peace be upon you, O arc of salvation! Peace be upon you, O spring and essence of life! Peace be upon you. Blessings of Allah be upon you and your pure and pious family. Peace be upon you. May Allah expedite what He promised you of victory and appearance of the matter. Peace be upon you my Mawla, I am your friend and follower, well aware of your priority and ultimate purpose. I come near Allah, the Most High, through you and your family. I await your appearance, and appearance of the truth upon your hands. I ask Allah to send blessings upon Muhammad and the Family of Muhammad, and to make me of those who await you and follow you, and give you victory over your enemies, and among those who are martyred between your hands. O my Mawla O Companion of Time! Blessings of Allah be upon you and your family. Today is Friday, and it is your day in which you are expected to appear and the believers are relieved by your hands, and the disbelievers are killed by your sword. And I, my Mawla, on this day, seek your hospitality and friendship. You, my Mawla, are generous, a son of the generous forefathers, always inclined by nature to be hospitable. So give me a warm welcome and make friends with me. Blessings of Allah be upon you and your pure family.”

– Bihar Al-Anwar, Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi, 3rd ed., v.99, p.215-216 

As to why Imam Al Mahdi (pbuhahf) appeared specifically on that day in the year 2015:

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allah (pbuhahf) said: “Hijaz will be ruled by a man whose name is the name of an animal, if you see him from far, you would think he’s crossed-eyed, and if you come close to him, you do not see anything (wrong) in his eyes. He will be succeeded by a brother of his, named Abdullah. Woe to our Shia (followers) from him! Woe to our Shia (followers) from him! Woe to our Shia (followers) from him! – he repeated it three times – Give me the glad tidings of his death and I give you the glad tidings of the appearance of the Hujjah (Imam Mahdi).”

– 250 Signs, Muhammad Ali Tabatabaei, 1st ed., p.121, no. 88 (online book)

Moreover, Imam Al Baqir (pbuh) also prophesied the appearance of Imam Al Mahdi (pbuhahf) to happen in the year 2015:

Imam Al-Baqir (pbuh) said: “If the Sea of Najaf dries up and a hundred years have passed after that, then wait for a man. It was said, ‘And who is he, O son of the Messenger of Allah?’ He said ‘Meem and Ha and Meem and Dal’ (Arabic letters MHMD)”, meaning Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan Al-Askari (pbuh).

– Bayan Al-A’imma, Muhammad Mahdi Najafi, 2nd ed., v.1, p.203 (referenced from the manuscript ‘Al-Ramz Al-Khafi’ by Al-Helli)

– 250 Signs, Muhammad Ali Tabatabaei, 1st ed., p.169, no. 205 (online book)

The Sea of Najaf was known in the past to be a great sea, connected to the Persian Gulf from Al-Qurnah and Al-Basra’s side. Big ships were sailing along this river transporting food and goods. It was called “the Sea of Nay” and “Nay” in Persian means reed.

When the sea dried up, they said “the Sea of Nay dried up [Arabic: jaff]” so it was first called “Nay jaff”, then it was called “Najaf” for easier pronunciation, and this is the origin of the city’s name.

The Austrian traveler of Czechoslovak origin, Alois Mosel, mentioned that the drying up of the Najaf Sea began in 1887 and it was completely dried up in 1915 AD, during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II. During his reign, the main outlets of the Najaf Sea that streamed into it were blocked by giant rocks, therefore it was called “Abu Sakhir”.

The narration says: “If the Sea of Najaf dried up and a hundred years passed after that…” therefore, since the entire Sea of Najaf completely dried up in 1915, a hundred years after was the year 2015 (1915 + 100 = 2015 AD), which is the year in which Imam Al Mahdi (pbuhahf) appeared.

Thus, the prophecy of Imam Al-Baqir (pbuh) about the Sea of Najaf was fulfilled, as was the prophecy of the Messenger of Allah (pbuhahf) about the death of the ruler of Hijaz.

Imam Al Mahdi (pbuhahf) did truly appear on that day, Friday 23rd January 2015, when he met the 12 Chiefs (pbut), who are the best of the people of the earth.

Imam Al-Sadiq (pbuh) said: “The Qa’im does not rise until 12 men emerge, all of them gather upon the saying that they have seen him, but they are belied.”

– Al-Ghayba, Ibn Abi Zainab Al-No’mani, 1st ed., p.285, hadith 58

– Bihar Al-Anwar, Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi, 3rd ed., v.52, p.244, hadith 121 

Today Imam Mahdi (pbuhahf) is with his soul son, the promised Yamani and the leader of the Black Banners of the East, Imam Ahmad Al-Hassan (From Him is Peace), gathering the enumerated (313) and the circle of 10,000 in order to start liberating and purifying the earth. Through the blessed and holy rise, they will fill the earth with justice and equity after the oppressors and corruptors have filled it with injustice and oppression.

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