The sea of Najaf was known in the past to be a great sea, connected to the Persian Gulf, from Al Qurnah and Al Basra’s side. Big ships were sailing along this river, transporting food and goods. It was called “the sea of Ny” and “Ny” in Persian means reed.
When the sea dried up, they said “the sea of Ny dried up [Arabic: jaff]” so it was first called “Ny jaff”, then it was called “Najjaf” for an easier pronunciation, and this is the origin of the city’s name.
The Austrian traveler of Czechoslovak origin, Alois Mosel, mentioned that the drying up of the Najaf Sea began in 1887, and its drought was completed in 1915 AD, and that was during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II.
During his reign, the main outlets of the Najaf Sea that streamed into it, were blocked by giant rocks, therefore it was called (Abu Sakhir).
The narration says: “If the sea of Najaf dried up and a hundred years passed after that…”, and since the entire sea of Najaf completely dried up in 1915, a hundred years are added to that (i.e. 1915 + 100 = 2015 AD), which is the year in which Imam Al Mahdi (pbuhahf) appeared.
And thus the prophecy of Imam al Baqir (pbuh) about the Sea of Najaf was also fulfilled, as was the prophecy of the Messenger of Allah (pbuhahf) about the death of the ruler of Hijaz.
Today Imam Mahdi a.s is with his soul son, the promised Yamani and the companion of the Black Banners of the East, Imam Ahmad Al Hassan (pbuh), gathering the enumerated (313) and the circle of 10, 000 in order to start liberating and purifying the earth, and the blessed and holy rise, filling the earth with justice and equity after the oppressors and corruptors have filled it with injustice and oppression.